Though this is detrimental in a short sprint, a higher percentage of fat means that women can power their cells longer from their body’s reserves without stopping to eat or drink in order to refuel. This may translate into greater endurance. Studies comparing men and women in running, swimming, and speed skating have all shown that the differences in time vs. distance decreased between men and women as the length of the event progressed.
Hundreds of studies have showed some fascinating differences between men and women in nearly every area, physically, mentally and socially. If you looked through the research, you would discover all kinds of facts such as how much more likely women are to wear a seatbelt than men (2 times more likely), to how often they are the sexual initiators in a monogamous relationship (65% of the time).
As interesting as this information may be, it’s the physiological differences between men and women that we want to concentrate on, because they can have a great impact on how easily a woman can achieve leanness and physical fitness . These differences are primarily found in the female hormones and the construction and operation of her fat cells. These two factors influence everything from the way a her metabolism functions to how likely she is to suffer from stubborn fat and other health related diseases such as osteoporosis.
Though the construction of the male and female fat cell is basically the same, they differ vastly when is comes to size and function. To begin with, a women’s fat cell is five times larger than a man’s! In addition, not only are women’s cells capable of holding more fat, they are genetically programmed to do so. It all comes down to enzymes:
Lipogenic- Fat Storing Enzymes
Lipolytic- Fat Releasing Enzymes
Though these enzymes are present in both men and women, women’s bodies have two times the number of Lipogenic (fat storing) enzymes, and only half the number of Lipolytic (fat releasing) enzymes. This is the genetic legacy of the woman’s role as the childbearing and nurturing gender of the species. Nature wanted to ensure that women were carrying around enough fat cells to nurture their growing babies and to breast-feed them once they were born. A baby in-utero requires the mother to burn at least 300 extra calories a day and breast-feeding can require as much as 500 extra calories.
In addition to the normal caloric needs of a baby, our foremothers also held onto extra body fat in case of a drought or famine. This extra fat was stored in the hips, thighs, and buttocks. Therefore, the females who survived famine and drought to pass down their genes were the women whose bodies were adept at storing fat. Skinny thighs in the past were a serious liability, serving only to increase the risk of death when food supplies became scarce. These enzymes tend to be balanced in a healthy person. Too much of either develops an unbalanced system develops and leads to insulin resistance, a leading contributor to stubborn fat.
Other contributors to stubborn fat
are estrogenic compounds called xenoestrogens. These
chemicals are a byproduct of fertilizers, plastics, soy
isoflavones, certain herbs and petroleum products. These
compounds in our food and water supply mimic estrogenic
functions and aid in binding to estrogenic fat
receptors. This produces induced aromatase influence.
Aromatase is an enzyme which helps convert androgens
(male hormone) to estrogenic compounds.
To benefit from a program that reduces stubborn fat, you must first recognize that estrogenic compounds are all around us (and in us). To combat this problem, you need to look at the food you consume and the liquids you drink, as there are many culprits that cause stubborn fat gain.
You move in the direction of gaining stubborn fat when you develop bad eating and lifestyle habits, which cause insulin resistance, a toxic overburden on the liver and elevated estrogen. These all contribute to the fat that will not go away. To open these cells, you should start by heading down the food chain. Minimize or eliminate all refined foods, eat plenty of fruits and vegetables (preferably organic), and exercise.
In the third and final part, you will learn more about how specifically to get this stubborn fat out of you life forever.
David has been a high school wrestling and baseball coach and is currently an independent trainer and strength coach. He has been sought after by some of the top athletes in professional sports including world champion boxer Greg Haugen and professional golfer Michael Putnam. David’s ebook, Firm And Flatten Your Abs is an online best seller which teaches you how to lose body fat, develop “six pack abs’ while improving strength, function and athletic power at the same time. You can contact David or learn more about his programs at www.FlattenYourAbs.net